Wayanad, the green paradise is nestled among the mountains of the Western Ghats, forming the border world of the greener part of Kerala. Clean and pristine, enchanting and hypnotizing, this land is filled with history and culture. This verdant hill station is full of plantations, forests and wildlife. Wayanad hills are contiguous to Mudumalai in Tamil Nadu and Bandhipur in Karnataka, thus forming a vast land mass for the wild life to move about in their most natural abode.
Regarding geographical location, this district stands on the southern top of the Deccan plateau and its chief glory is the majestic Western Ghats with lofty ridges and rugged terrain interspersed with dense forest, tangled jungles and deep valleys. The place also enjoys a strategic location as the leading tourist centres of South India like Ooty, Mysore, Bangalore, Coorg and Kannur(Cannanore) are situated around this region.
November 1, 1980 as the 12th district, carved out of Kozhikode(Calicut) and Kannur(Cannanore) districts. Wayanad District came into existence on 1st November 1980 as the 12th District of Kerala consisting of Mananthavady, Sulthan Bathery and Vythiri Taluks.
The name Wayanad is derived from Vayal Nadu which means the land of paddy fields. It is a in the north-east of Kerala state with headquarters at the town of Kalpetta. It is situated at a height between 700 meters and 2100 meters above the mean sea level nested among the mountains of the Western Ghats on the Eastern portion of North Kerala and on the sides of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka States. The District was carved out from the then Kozhikode(Calicut) and Kannur(Cannanore) Districts. About 885.92sq.km of area is under forest. The culture of Wayanad is mainly tribal oriented. Though considered as backward, this district is perhaps one of the biggest foreign exchange earners of the State, with its production of cash crops like Tea, Coffee, Pepper, Cardamom, Spices and other condiments.